Fair Trade Tourism has faced queries since announcing its certification of Tenikwa Wildlife Awareness Centre and has released a statement clarifying its position.
In the statement, they say that the queries they received focused on the mistaken belief that Tenikwa allows physical contact between tourists and the cats at its facility. Concerns have also been raised around cheetah walks offered by Tenikwa, however these are undertaken on a strictly no contact basis.
The statement reads: “To provide clarification, Fair Trade Tourism’s certification criteria do not allow for any physical interaction between tourists and potentially dangerous wildlife such as lions, cheetahs and leopards. While Tenikwa did previously allow tourist-animal contact in some of its programmes, this ceased earlier this year.”
Tenikwa’s new no-contact policy was validated by an independent auditor during Fair Trade Tourism’s comprehensive audit process.
“In 2016 Fair Trade Tourism underwent a review of our certification criteria, largely in response to the huge growth in the volunteer sector and concomitant rise in animal and human orphanage programmes, which were unregulated and open to abuse. It was becoming clear that many volunteer experiences are detrimental to the children or animals they proclaim to be helping, especially in the case of orphanage and lion cub petting programmes. Many of these programmes make fraudulent claims about conservation or child welfare and are exploitative of the volunteers themselves.”
Fair Trade Tourism’s revised certification criteria were informed by a range of expert sources including Better Volunteering, Tourism Watch, UNICEF, Endangered Wildlife Trust, Wildlife Act, the Convention on Biodiversity, and the Association of British Travel Agents’ (ABTA) Global Welfare Guidance for Animals in Tourism.
“The revised criteria, effective from June 1, 2016, do not allow for any physical contact by tourists or volunteers with animals listed as Hazard Category 1 in the ABTA Animal Welfare Guidelines, which we consider to be the most comprehensive worldwide. Such animals include large and medium-sized carnivores, elephants, rhinos, large apes, hippos, ostrich, crocodiles and venomous snakes. The new criteria also do not allow tourists or volunteers to interact with any child or vulnerable person unless under continuous, qualified adult supervision.”
To achieve Fair Trade Tourism certification, Tenikwa Wildlife Awareness Centre had to comply with 100% of its mandatory certification criteria. Among these are stipulations that a captive wildlife facility must keep up-to-date records of all animals in its care, including their history and destination, and death certificates where applicable.
“The facility must ensure that animals are not encouraged to behave in a way that is not natural or innate to their species, and must provide documentary evidence that animals were not obtained from the wild, unless for a conservation need as identified by an independent conservation authority. The facility must provide the public with accurate information on wildlife conservation and animal welfare relevant to its operations.”
Fair Trade Tourism’s criteria also require demonstrated support and contribution to biodiversity conservation. Tenikwa’s work as an NGO involves treating over 250 injured or abandoned wild animals annually for release back into the wild where possible.
In the broader community, Tenikwa runs workshops on how to deal with injured wildlife, is a member of the Population Reinforcement Working Group for the African Penguin and plays an important role in turtle conservation in association with the Two Oceans Aquarium.
The statement concludes, “Tenikwa works closely with conservation authorities such as CapeNature, SANParks, and the Department of Environmental Affairs, and in 2016 the facility won an award from Birdlife SA for its role in conservation.”