Long queues at immigration at OR Tambo, Johannesburg, are delaying international tourists by hours, even causing them to miss connecting flights. Readers have reported delays of over three hours and Satsa CEO, David Frost, has called for urgent intervention.

The queues are particularly irritating for passengers using South Africa as a gateway to Africa, and Tourism Update has looked at the alternatives hubs open to overseas tour operators to access destinations in Southern Africa.

Ethiopian Airlines services Malawi, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Mozambique from its hub in Addis Ababa and has connections from Belgium, Ireland, Germany, the UK, Spain, Italy, France, Sweden, the US, Canada and Brazil. It also has connections from Asia, including from China, Japan and India.

Kenya Airways services Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe from its hub in Nairobi and has connection from the UK, France, The Netherlands and China.

Emirates flies to Zimbabwe and Zambia from its hub in Dubai, with connections from the US, the UK, Australia, Belgium, Denmark, Ireland, Norway, Poland, Spain, Turkey, Germany, France, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Switzerland, Sweden, Greece, The Netherlands, India, China, Singapore, Japan, Brazil and Argentina.

Qatar Airways flies to Namibia, Zambia and Mozambique from is hub in Doha, with connections from the US, the UK, Australia, Italy, Finland, The Netherlands, Norway, Turkey, Greece, Spain, Germany, Austria, Belgium, Sweden, Scotland, Switzerland, Finland and France. It also has connections from Asia, including from China, Japan, Singapore and India.

Turkish Airlines flies to Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe from its hub in Turkey, with connections from the US, the UK, Belgium, Austria, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Poland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Brazil, Argentina, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, China, Hong Kong, India, Japan and Singapore.